Do walls keep “others” out? Let’s look at a bit of history. The Great Wall of China was largely built by the Ming Dynasty to keep out invaders from the north. The building of the wall stopped in 1644 because Manchus from the north broke through the wall! It didn’t work. In 122 AD, the Roman Emperor Hadrian sent his legions to northern England to build a wall to keep out the Scots. After a huge expense and effort, Hadrian’s Wall was abandoned some 25 years later. About 600 years later, King Offa tried the same thing by building a wall (Offa’s Dyke) on the western border of England to keep out those pesky Welsh. It didn’t work either. That’s why it’s called the United Kingdom. And we have the more recent failure of the Berlin Wall. Walls cannot contain the human spirit. They never have and never will.
Julian Brocker, Cambria
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