Aug. 7, 1945
Radio Tokyo said that American atomic bombs descended by parachute on Hiroshima.
The broadcast also said, "In view of the gallant resistance of the Japanese forces as exemplified by the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa, the enemy's hopes of a quick battle and a quick decision in the forth-coming battle of Japan's homeland has been well-nigh frustrated."
"In these circumstances, the enemy began to employ a barbaric method as a last and desperate resort. By employing a new weapon designed to massacre innocent civilians, the Americans have opened the eyes of the world to their sadistic nature."
An earlier broadcast announced the cancellation of trains in the Hiroshima area as the result of air raid damage. A Japanese Imperial headquarters communique had already conceded that "new type bombs" had caused "considerable damage."
A measure of misunderstood power of atomic weapons was the assertion by Japan that more than one bomb caused the damage.
No mention was made of surrender, and even though the Allied "Operation Starvation" had been underway mining Japanese harbors since March, there was no sign that surrender was on the table.
President Harry S. Truman said that atomic power potential was so great that all patents would be held by the government; no company will be permitted a monopoly.
Maj. Richard Bong, America's greatest fighter ace, was killed while taking a test flight in a new jet, the P-80 Shooting Star. The Congressional Medal of Honor holder had shot down 40 enemy aircraft and had been brought home for "safe" duty. The 24-year-old was killed when it crashed and exploded on takeoff.
San Francisco was being pitched as the headquarters for the United Nations.
San Luis Obispo was considering parking meters. It was estimated that 400 meters would bring in as much as $30,000 annually.
A news brief surrounded by a box on the front page asked residents to contact the USO with information on housing units available. It was anticipated housing availability would be at an all time low when the 104th Infantry Division arrived.
Aug. 8, 1945
The Soviet Union declared war on Japan. An indication of the importance was the sudden announcement by President Truman. He called reporters into his office and said, "Russia has declared war on Japan — that's all."
Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, director of the $2 billion research project that produced the atomic bomb, said there was no reason to believe the bomb left any "appreciable radioactivity on the ground."
This was in response to scientist Dr. Harold Jacobson, a physicist who claimed that killing radioactivity would be on the ground for 70 years.
Neither claim would prove absolutely true.
Japan argued that the United States violated international law by dropping the atomic bomb.
The broadcast did not mention the fact that Japan did not subscribe to the Hague Convention nor did it mention instances where Japan had violated international law.
For example, the genocide and rape suffered in the Chinese capital of Nanking in 1937-38, which killed an estimated 300,000 civilians and soldiers.
Tokyo admitted a single bomb had destroyed most of the city.
"The impact of the bomb was so terrific that practically all living things, human and animal, was literally seared to death by the tremendous head and pressure engendered by the blast," one broadcast said.
Telegram-Tribune reporter Cecilia Carpenter and reported on what people around town were saying.
A law enforcement officer: "I'm glad we got it first. If the Japs had gotten it first, there wouldn't have been much of California."
Educator: "I wonder if education is going to be able to meet the need for helping people to rapidly make adjustments in their thinking so that such a powerful element will not go out of control."
Attorney: "It taxes the imagination."
Librarian: "I am appalled! It is a fearful thing."
Courthouse employee: "If the land is destroyed so it doesn't produce, how are we going to feed those people?"
Clerk: "Maybe the Bible prophecies are coming true."
The San Luis Obispo school board approved teaching the rudiments of Spanish in classrooms starting in kindergarten.
In an interview with NEA foreign correspondent Curt Reiss, the wife of Hermann Goering, Frau Emmy Goering said that Hitler was a coward.
"I think it was shameful that Hitler committed suicide."
"He had a sacred duty to hand himself over to the Allies, if only to take responsibility for what he did. The Fuehrer acted like a coward, betraying his friends and the whole German people by his suicide."
Aug. 10, 1945
The Telegram-Tribune printed an Extra edition as late breaking news overtook the first edition.
The second atomic bomb had been detonated over Nagasaki on Aug. 9.
The primary target, Kokura, was spared when cloud cover prevented accurate targeting and the plutonium bomb was released over Nagasaki.
Newsweek correspondent Robert Chaplen was on a Liberator bomber 10 miles away half a day after the bomb detonated.
He told NBC radio, "It was like looking over the rim of a volcano in the process of erupting, even though it was 12 hours after the bomb had been dropped."
Okinawa-based pilots reported the explosion was "too tremendous to believe."
The Extra edition carried news that Japan submitted a formal surrender offer to the Allies accepting the Potsdam terms, providing the sovereign prerogatives of Emperor Hirohito are not impaired.
The United States, Britain, Russia and China were in the process of establishing diplomatic contacts in advance of receiving the formal text of surrender.
The immediate question was whether Hirohito's sovereignty would interfere with the intention to remake Japan as a democratic society.
In San Luis Obispo, Mayor Ralph Kennedy announced that Ferdinand the fire horn would sound three short blasts and one long one as soon as Victory over Japan or VJ day was declared.
Normal circulation for the Telegram-Tribune was 6,401. The Extra edition sold an additional 3,207 copies as people hungry for news of surrender rushed to get a copy.