The reporting — especially at CNN and other mainstream media — about Indiana’s Religious Freedom Restoration Act, which mirrors the 1993 Federal RFRA, characterizes the law as permitting discrimination in general against homosexuals.
That is totally false. The RFRA codifies longstanding case law of the U.S. Supreme Court, most recently in the Hobby Lobby case, under which the government can only force someone to act against their religious beliefs if there is a “compelling governmental interest,” and if force is the “least restrictive means of furthering the governmental interest.”
Gay-rights activists are now using anti-discrimination laws — with some success in the lower courts — to force religious photographers, florists, bakers, etc., to actively participate in gay weddings, thereby celebrating same-sex unions.
The buzz-word accusation is “intolerance.” The government certainly has a “compelling interest” in our diverse society in requiring businesses to “tolerate” who people are, but the government cannot force people to respect and even celebrate what others do. Thus, a religious baker should be prohibited from refusing to sell a cake to a person because that person is gay, but that baker should be able to refuse to deliver a cake for a gay wedding on religious grounds.