Concerning Scotland’s vote for independence, when one reads Samuel Johnson and James Boswell’s diaries published under the title of “A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland” (carried out by horse and carriage and sometimes foot in the year 1773) one can see why the Scottish would want to have independence from England. The extant poverty in the land where there was sometimes little food and education allowed, and the tartan was forbidden by the English. A mother — a widow — is described who lived under the surface of the earth with her sons and had no food nor ability to grow crops. Interestingly, in these journals there are black people working on estates in Scotland who are written about respectfully. There are also descriptions of English castles of the aristocracy that had libraries, estates and food in contrast to many of the Scottish people. There are also memories expressed of battles fought, poets and the usurped Scottish king who hid out in the Highlands.
Already Scotland has its own power with a rich intelligentsia: a literary, artistic and scientific community borne of its own history and struggle.